Vitamin K deficiency could contribute towards bleeding disorder and osteoporosis

Vitamin K deficiency can occur in any age group and exists when chronic failure to eat sufficient amounts of vitamin K. It results in a tendency for spontaneous bleeding or in prolonged and excessive bleeding with trauma or injury. Vitamin K deficiency can result in bleeding gums, and in skin that is easily bruised. The protein in the body most affected by vitamin K deficiency is a blood-clotting protein called prothrombin.

Vitamin K plays aMulti Vitamin for Men Reviewn important role in blood clotting. Without the vitamin, even a small cut would cause continuous bleeding in the body, and death. Blood clotting is a process that begins automatically when any injury produces a tear in a blood vessel. The clotting factors are proteins. These proteins require vitamin K for their synthesis in the body. The blood-clotting process also requires a dozen other proteins that do not need vitamin K for their synthesis.

When Vitamin K deficiency occurs, it is found in people with diseases that prevent the absorption of fat. These diseases include cystic fibrosis, celiac disease, and cholestasis. Vitamin K deficiency can exist in adults treated with antibiotics that kill the bacteria that normally live in the digestive tract. Because the intestine-bacteria supply part of our daily requirement of vitamin K.

Vitamin K is an essential lipid-soluble vitamin that plays a vital role in the production of coagulation proteins. Vitamin K is also synthesised by colonic bacteria.

Vitamin K is also very important for bone health. Because vitamin K is involved in gamma carboxylation of osteocalcin, which is important in bone synthesis, osteoporosis is associated with Vitamin K deficiency. Its deficiency shows up as bone-related problems like loss of bone (osteopenia), decrease in bone mineral density (osteoporosis), and fractures including hip fractures. Vitamin K deficiency is thought to cause impaired activation of bone matrix protein osteocalcin, and reduction of osteoblast function, resulting in impaired bone formation.

Deficiency of vitamin K leads to a reduction in the prothrobin content of blood. If you are deficient in vitamin K, you will suffer from blood clotting as gum bleeding, nose bleeding, and easy bruising. Symptoms and signs of vitamin K deficiency further include bleeding within the digestive tract and blood in the urine.

Other prominent signs and symptoms of vitamin K deficiency are prolonged clotting times, hemorrhaging, and anemia. Deficiency of vitamin K can also lead to Alzheimer’s disease.

Hardening of the arteries or calcium-related problems are the other common signs of vitamin K deficiency. So are biliary obstruction, malabsorption, cystic fibrosis, and resection of the small intestine.

Vitamin K deficiency can be prevented by consuming an appropriate diet.

Vitamin K is found in green leafy vegetables and oils, such as olive, cotton seed, and soya bean. Other foods rich in vitamin K are green peas and beans, watercress, asparagus, spinach, broccoli, oats and whole wheat.

 

How vitamins are good for people on a special or restricted diet

There are special concerns regarding proper nutrition and vitamins for the elderly. Seniors are at risk of being malnourished for many reasons including poor appetite due to medications, disability, or reduced food intake due to intestinal disorders, diabetes, or restrictive diets. The most common nutritional disorder is reduced intake of calories and proteins.

Multi Vitamin for Men Review Nearly 2/3 of older people admitted to the hospital are undernourished. Such malnutrition is associated with poorer outcomes from whatever medical problem they have. Infections are more frequent in older folks, and deaths due to infections are two to ten times more likely. Now there is abundant information that nutritional strategies such as liquid multivitamins can delay or even reverse aging of the immune system.

Vitamin and mineral deficiencies are common in the elderly also. Proper nutrition along with vitamin and mineral intake is important throughout life, but it seems to be especially important for good health later in life.

Appropriate vitamin intake is especially important in the elderly. Vitamin D (Cholecalciferol) is necessary for calcium absorption, building healthy bones, and preventing bone mass loss. Vitamin D and Calcium work together to keep our nervous system healthy and boost our immune system. The elderly need plenty of Vitamin D supplements. The bones of the elderly can become quite brittle and they may be liable to fractures when seniors fall, and they often do.

Seniors also need Vitamin K, which is essential for blood clotting and may have a role in enhancing bone density. It is a common component of vitamin D supplementation for people at risk for osteoporosis, and is currently being evaluated for its role in preventing osteoporosis. Vitamin K deficiency is common in the elderly.