About Vitamin A Deficiency

Vitamin A deficiency exists when the chronic failure to eat sufficient amounts of vitamin A or beta-carotene results in levels of blood-serum vitamin A that are below a defined range. Beta-carotene is a form of pre-vitamin A, which is readily converted to vitamin A in the body. Night blindness is the first symptom of vitamin A deficiency. Prolonged and severe vitamin A deficiency can produce total and irreversible blindness. Abnormal visual adaptation to darkness, dry skin, dry hair, broken fingernails, and decreased resistance to infections are among the first signs of vitamin A deficiency

multivitamin for men reviewBecause vitamin A is an important component for normal vision, vitamin A deficiency will cause night-blindness, or a decreased ability to see in dim light. Another symptom of vitamin A deficiency is diminished immune system function, which means your body will have difficulty fighting infections.

Vitamin A deficiency  is more likely to result from inflammatory diseases that damage the digestive tract and prevent absorption of vitamin A, such as Crohn’s disease and celiac disease. Alcoholism, zinc deficiency and pancreatic diseases can also affect the amount of vitamin A in the body.

Vitamin A is actually a group of natural compounds that your body needs for clear vision, healthy bones and skin, normal cell division and differentiation, and reproduction. Vitamin A also helps your body’s immune system fight off infections.

The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for vitamin A is 1.0 mg/day for the adult man and 0.8 mg/day for the adult woman. Since beta-carotene is converted to vitamin A in the body, the body’s requirement for vitamin A can be supplied entirely by beta-carotene. Six mg of beta-carotene are considered to be the equivalent of 1 mg of vitamin A. The best sources of vitamin A are eggs, milk, butter, liver, and fish, such as herring, sardines, and tuna. Beef is a poor source of vitamin A. Plants do not contain vitamin A, but they do contain beta-carotene and other carotenoids. The best sources of beta-carotene are dark-green, orange, and yellow vegetables; spinach, carrots, oranges, and sweet potatoes are excellent examples. Cereals are poor sources of beta-carotene.

Vitamin A is used for two functions in the body. Used in the eye, it is a component of the eye’s light-sensitive parts, containing rods and cones, that allow for night-vision or for seeing in dim-light circumstances. Vitamin A (retinol) occurs in the rods. Another form of Vitamin A, retinoic acid, is used in the body for regulating the development of various tissues, such as the cells of the skin, and the lining of the lungs and intestines. Vitamin A is important during embryological development, since, without vitamin A, the fertilized egg cannot develop into a fetus.

There are necessarily three Forms of vitamin A. One is retinols which is the most active form and found in source of animal food. Other  form  Beta carotene known as  provitamin  a and found in the plant source of retinol from which mammals gain two-thirds of their vitamin a. Carotenoids is the largest group among the three and exist in a free alcohol.

In the human body retinol is the powerful form. Retinol- binding protein regulates the absorption and metabolism of vitamin A and helps to bind vitamin a. Vitamin a is essential For the growth of bone, for vision,especially in dark adaption,reproduction,cell growth and repair,urinary,for the maintenance of the eyes surface lines, immune response and intestinal tracts. Vitamin A is also vital for the regulation of adult genes.

Primarily the vitamin A deficiency happened when people eat the rice which has not contain the carotene. And this is also occurred when protein –energy is absent in daily food.

Secondarily  for the deficiency of vitamin A  the celiac disease, cirrhosis , giardiasis ,tropical  sprue, cystic fibrosis and other pancreatic disease is occurred.

Vitamin A deficiency occurs with the chronic consumption of diets that are deficient in both vitamin A and beta-carotene. When vitamin A deficiency exists in the developed world, it tends to happen in alcoholics or in people with diseases that affect the intestine’s ability to absorb fat. Examples of such diseases are celiac disease (chronic nutritional disorder), cystic fibrosis, and cholestasis (bile-flow failure or interference).

Other problems are happened for the vitamin A deficiency is: inflammatory bowel disease ; fat malabsorption; pancreatic insufficiency; vegan diet; alcoholism; following small-bowel bypass surgery.

If you have vitamin A deficiency symptoms, you need to see a health care provider who can order blood tests to determine if a vitamin A deficiency is the problem or if there are other causes. Vitamin A status is measured by tests for retinol. Blood-serum retinol concentrations of 30-60 mg/dl are considered in the normal range. Levels that fall below this range indicate vitamin A deficiency. Night blindness is measured by a technique called electroretinography. Xerophthalamia, keratinomalacia, and Bitot’s spots are diagnosed visually by trained medical personnel.

The prognosis for correcting night blindness is excellent. Xerophthalamia can be corrected with vitamin A therapy.

Vitamin A deficiency can be prevented by including foods rich in vitamin A or beta-carotene as a regular component of the diet; liver, meat, eggs, milk, and dairy products are examples. Foods rich in beta-carotene include red peppers, carrots, pumpkins, as well as those just mentioned. Margarine is rich in beta-carotene, because this chemical is used as a coloring agent in margarine production.

Unfortunately, not all of us meet our daily requirements due to inadequate diets or as a result of a medical condition. Either way, a Multivitamin for Men supplement is important to match up to what your body needs to function properly.

A daily Multivitamin for Men supplementation provides the required consumption of many micronutrients that may not be enough in our diet and help to prevent from vitamin A deficiency.

Vitamin A known as “the anti-infection vitamin”

Vitamin A has been called the anti-infection vitamin because of its role in helping the body combat bacterial, parasitic, and viral infections.

multivitamin for men reviewKnown as ‘the anti-infection vitamin’, vitamin A plays an essential role in protecting your body from infection. It keeps body surfaces healthy so they can act as barriers to invading micro-organisms. Vitamin A deficiency is often seen in HIV-positive people and this may be due to metabolic changes associated with HIV infection. Skin and membrane alteration partly explain increased sensitivity to infection during Vitamin A deficiency. Even marginal deficits may induce modifications of lung membranes. Vitamin A stimulates and enhances many immune functions including antibody response and the activity of various white blood cells such as T helper cells and phagocytes. This immune enhancing function promotes healing of infected tissues and increases function of anti-infection.

Vitamin A is anti-infection power. Picture this… think of an army of soldiers. There’s the frontline, the backline and everything else in between.

The frontline is your skin & the outer parts of your various tissues and organs. The backline are the more sensitive and crucial organs (i.e. brain, heart). Vitamin A helps to make that frontline stronger with growth and repair.

The frontline that’s your skin & outer barrier is technically called “epithelial tissue.” And this frontline/epithelial tissue is mostly made of fat. And the structure of Vitamin A causes it to be a fat-soluble vitamin that benefits these fatty tissues.

And to go a little further, the frontline/epithelial tissues include your skin, the outer layer of your eyes, mouth, nose, throat, digestive tract and urinary tract. This frontline is your body’s first line of defense against disease, infection and free radicals.

Also, Vitamin A helps to strengthen the mucous membranes of your body. And the mucous membranes are another frontline defense for your body anti-infection.

Vitamin A is very important for keeping your frontline barriers such as the skin, eyes, nose, throat, lungs, digestive tract & urinary tract strong. This will help you fight off and protect you against infection.

Epithelial surfaces are adversely affected by vitamin A deficiency causing increased susceptibility to skin and respiratory infections. Immune cells and antibody functions are also affected which may lead to an increase in pre-cancerous cells in the epithelial tissues of the mouth, throat and lungs.

Vitamin A may also help to boost your immune system. Vitamin A plays a role in the development of lymphocytes. These are the cells of your immune system that fight off bacteria and disease. More research is being done to support this claim but a few examples to consider:

• Treating measles and respiratory infections – especially helpful for children.

• Viral infections

• May help AIDS patients or anyone whose immune system is depressed by boosting their immune cells.

Adequate vitamin A intake, either from diet or supplements, is very important in preventing sickness and death in children. Many studies have found that vitamin A supplementation reduces the risk of infectious diseases in areas where vitamin A deficiency is widespread. A recent research review analyzing the results of several studies found that adequate vitamin A intake in children resulted in a 30% decrease in deaths from all causes.

The skin and the lining that covers the digestive, respiratory and urinary tracts are important components of the immune system. They are your body’s first barrier anti-infection. The retinol form of vitamin A is responsible for maintaining the function of the cells that make up these barriers. Vitamin A is also needed for the formation and activation of white blood cells.

Multivitamin for men will give you adequate “the anti-infection vitamin”— Vitamin A.