Vitamin K deficiency could contribute towards bleeding disorder and osteoporosis

Vitamin K deficiency can occur in any age group and exists when chronic failure to eat sufficient amounts of vitamin K. It results in a tendency for spontaneous bleeding or in prolonged and excessive bleeding with trauma or injury. Vitamin K deficiency can result in bleeding gums, and in skin that is easily bruised. The protein in the body most affected by vitamin K deficiency is a blood-clotting protein called prothrombin.

Vitamin K plays aMulti Vitamin for Men Reviewn important role in blood clotting. Without the vitamin, even a small cut would cause continuous bleeding in the body, and death. Blood clotting is a process that begins automatically when any injury produces a tear in a blood vessel. The clotting factors are proteins. These proteins require vitamin K for their synthesis in the body. The blood-clotting process also requires a dozen other proteins that do not need vitamin K for their synthesis.

When Vitamin K deficiency occurs, it is found in people with diseases that prevent the absorption of fat. These diseases include cystic fibrosis, celiac disease, and cholestasis. Vitamin K deficiency can exist in adults treated with antibiotics that kill the bacteria that normally live in the digestive tract. Because the intestine-bacteria supply part of our daily requirement of vitamin K.

Vitamin K is an essential lipid-soluble vitamin that plays a vital role in the production of coagulation proteins. Vitamin K is also synthesised by colonic bacteria.

Vitamin K is also very important for bone health. Because vitamin K is involved in gamma carboxylation of osteocalcin, which is important in bone synthesis, osteoporosis is associated with Vitamin K deficiency. Its deficiency shows up as bone-related problems like loss of bone (osteopenia), decrease in bone mineral density (osteoporosis), and fractures including hip fractures. Vitamin K deficiency is thought to cause impaired activation of bone matrix protein osteocalcin, and reduction of osteoblast function, resulting in impaired bone formation.

Deficiency of vitamin K leads to a reduction in the prothrobin content of blood. If you are deficient in vitamin K, you will suffer from blood clotting as gum bleeding, nose bleeding, and easy bruising. Symptoms and signs of vitamin K deficiency further include bleeding within the digestive tract and blood in the urine.

Other prominent signs and symptoms of vitamin K deficiency are prolonged clotting times, hemorrhaging, and anemia. Deficiency of vitamin K can also lead to Alzheimer’s disease.

Hardening of the arteries or calcium-related problems are the other common signs of vitamin K deficiency. So are biliary obstruction, malabsorption, cystic fibrosis, and resection of the small intestine.

Vitamin K deficiency can be prevented by consuming an appropriate diet.

Vitamin K is found in green leafy vegetables and oils, such as olive, cotton seed, and soya bean. Other foods rich in vitamin K are green peas and beans, watercress, asparagus, spinach, broccoli, oats and whole wheat.


The factors of folate deficiency (folic acid deficiency)

Folate deficiency (folic acid deficiency) means you have a lower level amount of folic acid, a type of B vitamin, in your blood. Folate is one of eight essential B vitamins needed within your body.

Folate or folic acid is a highly essential nutrient for the proper functioning and maintenance of our body. Lack or deficiency of this nutrient can cause a host of diseases.

multivitamin for men reviewFolic acid is a naturally occurring vitamin found in green leafy vegetables, liver, yeast and mushrooms. Alcohol and excessive cooking can affect folic acid absorption. Some medications may also cause folate deficiency.

Causes of folate deficiency (folic acid deficiency) are:

•Diseases in which folic acid is not absorbed well, such as celiac disease (sprue) or Crohn’s disease

•Drinking too much alcohol

•Eating overcooked food

•Hemolytic anemia

•Medications, such as phenytoin (Dilantin), sulfasalazine, or trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole

•Poor diet (often seen in people who do not eat fresh fruits or vegetables)

Low intake of green vegetables, legumes, and enriched grains are some of the most likely causes of this deficiency. Prolonged cooking and storage of food can result in the loss of folic acid content in food.

Some of the early symptoms of folate deficiency include fatigue, headache, palpitations, diarrhea, as well as difficulty concentrating.

People with a folate deficiency will show obvious physical signs like weight loss and loss of appetite. Folate deficiency is also known to cause gray hair, sore tongue, and irritability. Several behavioral disorders and depression might also be seen in the person with folate deficiency, as the nutrient plays a key role in maintaining the health of the central nervous system.

In adults, one of the main folate deficiency symptoms could be anemia. Anemia is caused due to the decrease of a compound called hemoglobin in the blood. Folate-deficiency anemia is a decrease in red blood cells (anemia) due to a lack of folate. In folate-deficiency anemia, the red blood cells are abnormally large. Some of the symptoms of anemia include shortness of breath, palpitations, fatigue, and pale skin. Anemia is a condition in which the body does not have enough healthy red blood cells. Red blood cells provide oxygen to body tissues.

Folic acid functions in DNA synthesis and therefore cell division. Without this important vitamin, cells such as red blood cells produced in the bone marrow, fail to divide properly. RNA continues to form and build up producing excess haemoglobin. The RBC becomes an immature enlarged non-functioning cell often containing excess haemoglobin. This is megaloblastic anemia.

Folate deficiency may result in immense bleeding of the gastrointestinal tract as well as other areas. Immediate medical advice should be taken if there is any bleeding in the body as this is a symptom of the chronic stages of folate deficiency.

Certain types of cancers can also be caused due to the deficiency of folate. One of the most common types is the colorectal cancer, which is the cancer of the rectum and the colon. Neuronal damage may also occur under harsh conditions.

Folic acid works with vitamin B12 and vitamin C to help the body break down, use, and make new proteins. The vitamin helps form red blood cells. It also helps produce DNA, the building block of the human body, which carries genetic information.

Folic acid is a type of B vitamin. It is water-soluble, which means it is not stored in the fat tissues of the body. Water-soluble vitamins dissolve in water. Leftover amounts of the vitamin leave the body through the urine.

Because folate is not stored in the body in large amounts, your blood levels of folate will get low after only a few weeks of eating a diet low in folate. You need a continual supply of this vitamin through your diet to maintain normal levels.

The Institute of Medicine’s Food and Nutrition Board recommends that adults get 400 micrograms of folate or folic acid supplements daily. Specific recommendations depend on a person’s age, gender, and other factors.

To prevent Folate deficiency is to take Multivitamin for Men to ensure that they get folic acid supplements enough each day.

About Vitamin A Deficiency

Vitamin A deficiency exists when the chronic failure to eat sufficient amounts of vitamin A or beta-carotene results in levels of blood-serum vitamin A that are below a defined range. Beta-carotene is a form of pre-vitamin A, which is readily converted to vitamin A in the body. Night blindness is the first symptom of vitamin A deficiency. Prolonged and severe vitamin A deficiency can produce total and irreversible blindness. Abnormal visual adaptation to darkness, dry skin, dry hair, broken fingernails, and decreased resistance to infections are among the first signs of vitamin A deficiency

multivitamin for men reviewBecause vitamin A is an important component for normal vision, vitamin A deficiency will cause night-blindness, or a decreased ability to see in dim light. Another symptom of vitamin A deficiency is diminished immune system function, which means your body will have difficulty fighting infections.

Vitamin A deficiency  is more likely to result from inflammatory diseases that damage the digestive tract and prevent absorption of vitamin A, such as Crohn’s disease and celiac disease. Alcoholism, zinc deficiency and pancreatic diseases can also affect the amount of vitamin A in the body.

Vitamin A is actually a group of natural compounds that your body needs for clear vision, healthy bones and skin, normal cell division and differentiation, and reproduction. Vitamin A also helps your body’s immune system fight off infections.

The recommended dietary allowance (RDA) for vitamin A is 1.0 mg/day for the adult man and 0.8 mg/day for the adult woman. Since beta-carotene is converted to vitamin A in the body, the body’s requirement for vitamin A can be supplied entirely by beta-carotene. Six mg of beta-carotene are considered to be the equivalent of 1 mg of vitamin A. The best sources of vitamin A are eggs, milk, butter, liver, and fish, such as herring, sardines, and tuna. Beef is a poor source of vitamin A. Plants do not contain vitamin A, but they do contain beta-carotene and other carotenoids. The best sources of beta-carotene are dark-green, orange, and yellow vegetables; spinach, carrots, oranges, and sweet potatoes are excellent examples. Cereals are poor sources of beta-carotene.

Vitamin A is used for two functions in the body. Used in the eye, it is a component of the eye’s light-sensitive parts, containing rods and cones, that allow for night-vision or for seeing in dim-light circumstances. Vitamin A (retinol) occurs in the rods. Another form of Vitamin A, retinoic acid, is used in the body for regulating the development of various tissues, such as the cells of the skin, and the lining of the lungs and intestines. Vitamin A is important during embryological development, since, without vitamin A, the fertilized egg cannot develop into a fetus.

There are necessarily three Forms of vitamin A. One is retinols which is the most active form and found in source of animal food. Other  form  Beta carotene known as  provitamin  a and found in the plant source of retinol from which mammals gain two-thirds of their vitamin a. Carotenoids is the largest group among the three and exist in a free alcohol.

In the human body retinol is the powerful form. Retinol- binding protein regulates the absorption and metabolism of vitamin A and helps to bind vitamin a. Vitamin a is essential For the growth of bone, for vision,especially in dark adaption,reproduction,cell growth and repair,urinary,for the maintenance of the eyes surface lines, immune response and intestinal tracts. Vitamin A is also vital for the regulation of adult genes.

Primarily the vitamin A deficiency happened when people eat the rice which has not contain the carotene. And this is also occurred when protein –energy is absent in daily food.

Secondarily  for the deficiency of vitamin A  the celiac disease, cirrhosis , giardiasis ,tropical  sprue, cystic fibrosis and other pancreatic disease is occurred.

Vitamin A deficiency occurs with the chronic consumption of diets that are deficient in both vitamin A and beta-carotene. When vitamin A deficiency exists in the developed world, it tends to happen in alcoholics or in people with diseases that affect the intestine’s ability to absorb fat. Examples of such diseases are celiac disease (chronic nutritional disorder), cystic fibrosis, and cholestasis (bile-flow failure or interference).

Other problems are happened for the vitamin A deficiency is: inflammatory bowel disease ; fat malabsorption; pancreatic insufficiency; vegan diet; alcoholism; following small-bowel bypass surgery.

If you have vitamin A deficiency symptoms, you need to see a health care provider who can order blood tests to determine if a vitamin A deficiency is the problem or if there are other causes. Vitamin A status is measured by tests for retinol. Blood-serum retinol concentrations of 30-60 mg/dl are considered in the normal range. Levels that fall below this range indicate vitamin A deficiency. Night blindness is measured by a technique called electroretinography. Xerophthalamia, keratinomalacia, and Bitot’s spots are diagnosed visually by trained medical personnel.

The prognosis for correcting night blindness is excellent. Xerophthalamia can be corrected with vitamin A therapy.

Vitamin A deficiency can be prevented by including foods rich in vitamin A or beta-carotene as a regular component of the diet; liver, meat, eggs, milk, and dairy products are examples. Foods rich in beta-carotene include red peppers, carrots, pumpkins, as well as those just mentioned. Margarine is rich in beta-carotene, because this chemical is used as a coloring agent in margarine production.

Unfortunately, not all of us meet our daily requirements due to inadequate diets or as a result of a medical condition. Either way, a Multivitamin for Men supplement is important to match up to what your body needs to function properly.

A daily Multivitamin for Men supplementation provides the required consumption of many micronutrients that may not be enough in our diet and help to prevent from vitamin A deficiency.