How does vitamin B1 (Thiamine) help your body?

Vitamin B1 is a member of the B-vitamin family.

Vitamin B1 is an important coenzyme that helps the body convert food into energy. It also assists in manufacturing fat and metabolizing protein. Thiamin is necessary to maintain normal function in the nervous system.

Multi Vitamin for Men ReviewVitamin B1, also known as Thiamine or Thiamin, is a water-soluble vitamin of the B complex. Water-soluble means it can dissolve in water. We need vitamin B1 so that our body can use carbohydrates as energy – it is essential for glucose metabolism. Vitamin B1 also plays a key role in nerve, muscle and heart function.

Vitamins are categorized by the materials they dissolve in. There are two types of vitamins – water-soluble and fat-soluble. Water-soluble vitamins are carried through the bloodstream. Whatever our bodies do not use up is eliminated in urine. Therefore, we need a continuous supply of vitamin B1 – we need to be consuming it daily.

Our understanding of vitamin B1 and its relationship to energy deprivation has carried over into our approach to other health problems (like alcoholism) in which vitamin B1 deficiency plays a critical role.

Most cells in the body depend on sugar as an energy source. When oxygen is used to help convert sugar into usable energy, the process of energy generation is called aerobic energy production. This process cannot take place without adequate supplies of vitamin B1, since B1 is part of an enzyme system (called the pyruvate dehydrogenase system) that enables oxygen-based processing of sugar.

When vitamin B1 functions in this energy-production capacity, it is usually present in the form of TDP, or thiamin diphosphate. Other forms of vitamin B1, including TPP (thiamin pyrophosphate) and TMP (thiamin monophosphate) are also important in energy production.

Because vitamin B1 is so important in energy production, and because food energy is usually measured in terms of calories, vitamin B1 is often prescribed in relationship to caloric intake. For example, recommendations sometime suggest intake of 0.5 milligrams of B1 for every 1,000 calories consumed.

Vitamin B1 also plays a key role in support of the nervous system, where it permits healthy development of the fat-like coverings which surround most nerves (called myelin sheaths). In the absence of vitamin B1, these coverings can degenerate or become damaged. Pain, prickly sensations, and nerve deadening are nerve-related symptoms that can result from vitamin B1 deficiency.

A second type of connection between vitamin B1 and the nervous system involves its role in the production of the messaging molecule acetylcholine. This molecule, called a neurotransmitter, is used by the nervous system to relay messages between the nerves and muscles. Acetylcholine cannot be produced without adequate supplies of vitamin B1. Because acetylcholine is used by the nervous system to ensure proper muscle tone in the heart, deficiency of B1 can also result in compromised heart function.

People with vitamin B1 deficiency can develop beriberi, a disease characterized by heart, nerve and digestive disorders.

Some patients take thiamine for thiamine deficiency syndromes, when their levels of vitamin B1 are too low, including those with beriberi, or pellagra (a vitamin-deficiency disease).

Patients with ulcerative colitis, persistent diarrhea, and poor appetite may also be given thiamine.

Vitamin B1 may play a role in the prevention or treatment of the following health conditions: Alcoholism, Alzheimer’s disease, Crohn’s disease, Congestive heart failure and Depression so on.

 

What is vitamin B2 used for?

Study shows that Vitamin B2 may increase energy levels; reduce chronic fatigue; and improve concentration and mood.

Multi Vitamin for Men ReviewVitamin B2, also called riboflavin, is unique among the water-soluble vitamins. In the human body, it is an integral component of various coenzymes. It functions primarily as a coenzyme for many metabolic processes in the body. It plays an important role in releasing energy from carbohydrates, fats and proteins. It is one of the essential B vitamins, known to help support adrenal function, help to maintain the integrity of red blood cells and nervous system function, and facilitate key metabolic processes. It promotes regular patterns of growth and development. Riboflavin is involved in energy production as part of the electron transport chain that produces cellular energy. It plays a key role in mucus membrane maintenance, in fertility and in the maintenance of health of eyes, skin and nervous system.

Poor riboflavin – Vitamin B2 – status in Western countries seems to be of most concern for the elderly and adolescents, despite the diversity of riboflavin-rich foods available. Riboflavin deficiency is usually due to dietary inadequacy but can occur most frequently in people with long-standing infections, liver disease, and alcoholism. The first signs and symptoms of deficiency are a sore throat and sores at the corners of the mouth. Worsening symptoms include a swollen tongue, seborrheic dermatitis, anemia and impaired nerve function.

Vitamin B2 deficiency may cause impairment of iron absorption, intestinal iron losses and impairment of iron utilization for haemoglobin synthesis.

It is well established that riboflavin participates in a diversity of redox reactions central to human metabolism. Inadequate intake of riboflavin would therefore be expected to lead to disturbances in steps in intermediary metabolism, with functional implications.

Meat and fish are good sources of riboflavin, and certain fruit and vegetables, especially dark-green vegetables, contain reasonably high concentrations. The current evidence shows that diets low in riboflavin present specific health risks. There is reasonably good evidence that poor riboflavin status interferes with iron handling and contributes to the etiology of anemia when iron intakes are low. Various mechanisms for this have been proposed, including effects on the gastrointestinal tract that might compromise the handling of other nutrients. Current interest is focused on the role that riboflavin plays in determining circulating concentrations of homocysteine, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

When Vitamin B2 deficiency occurs, symptoms such as dry, red and flaky skin, cracked lips, sore throat and tongue, cracks andMulti Vitamin for Men Review sores on the lips, irritated eyes, light sensitivity, poor concentration, memory loss and a burning sensation in the feet are common. Additionally, red blood cell levels may decrease. Riboflavin deficiency frequently occurs in combination with deficiencies of other water-soluble vitamins. It may exert some of its effects by reducing the metabolism of other B vitamins, notably folate and vitamin B-6.

Common diseases and illnesses that may be prevented or alleviated via Vitamin B2 supplementation include neonatal jaundice, anemia, anorexia/bulimia, cataracts, cognitive function, depression, and migraines.

As with most B vitamins, the more food you eat, the more B vitamins you need to support the metabolic processes that will convert that food into usable energy. Athletes may require more Vitamin B2 due both to increased caloric intake and increased needs of exercise.

Athletes, young people experiencing growth spurts, elderly people, and people suffering from stress and alcohol and drug abusers benefit from additional riboflavin. People with ulcers may also receive such treatment with vitamin B2 as a supplement.