Vitamin K deficiency could contribute towards bleeding disorder and osteoporosis

Vitamin K deficiency can occur in any age group and exists when chronic failure to eat sufficient amounts of vitamin K. It results in a tendency for spontaneous bleeding or in prolonged and excessive bleeding with trauma or injury. Vitamin K deficiency can result in bleeding gums, and in skin that is easily bruised. The protein in the body most affected by vitamin K deficiency is a blood-clotting protein called prothrombin.

Vitamin K plays aMulti Vitamin for Men Reviewn important role in blood clotting. Without the vitamin, even a small cut would cause continuous bleeding in the body, and death. Blood clotting is a process that begins automatically when any injury produces a tear in a blood vessel. The clotting factors are proteins. These proteins require vitamin K for their synthesis in the body. The blood-clotting process also requires a dozen other proteins that do not need vitamin K for their synthesis.

When Vitamin K deficiency occurs, it is found in people with diseases that prevent the absorption of fat. These diseases include cystic fibrosis, celiac disease, and cholestasis. Vitamin K deficiency can exist in adults treated with antibiotics that kill the bacteria that normally live in the digestive tract. Because the intestine-bacteria supply part of our daily requirement of vitamin K.

Vitamin K is an essential lipid-soluble vitamin that plays a vital role in the production of coagulation proteins. Vitamin K is also synthesised by colonic bacteria.

Vitamin K is also very important for bone health. Because vitamin K is involved in gamma carboxylation of osteocalcin, which is important in bone synthesis, osteoporosis is associated with Vitamin K deficiency. Its deficiency shows up as bone-related problems like loss of bone (osteopenia), decrease in bone mineral density (osteoporosis), and fractures including hip fractures. Vitamin K deficiency is thought to cause impaired activation of bone matrix protein osteocalcin, and reduction of osteoblast function, resulting in impaired bone formation.

Deficiency of vitamin K leads to a reduction in the prothrobin content of blood. If you are deficient in vitamin K, you will suffer from blood clotting as gum bleeding, nose bleeding, and easy bruising. Symptoms and signs of vitamin K deficiency further include bleeding within the digestive tract and blood in the urine.Multi Vitamin for Men Review

Other prominent signs and symptoms of vitamin K deficiency are prolonged clotting times, hemorrhaging, and anemia. Deficiency of vitamin K can also lead to Alzheimer’s disease.

Hardening of the arteries or calcium-related problems are the other common signs of vitamin K deficiency. So are biliary obstruction, malabsorption, cystic fibrosis, and resection of the small intestine.

Vitamin K deficiency can be prevented by consuming an appropriate diet.

Vitamin K is found in green leafy vegetables and oils, such as olive, cotton seed, and soya bean. Other foods rich in vitamin K are green peas and beans, watercress, asparagus, spinach, broccoli, oats and whole wheat.

 

What is vitamin K used for?

Vitamin K is absolutely essential to facilitating blood clotting, building strong bones, preventing heart disease, and crucial part of other bodily processes.

Multi Vitamin for Men ReviewVitamin K is a fat-soluble vitamin. It refers to two naturally occurring fat-soluble vitamins, vitamin K1 and vitamin K2. Vitamin K1 is also known as phylloquinone or phytomenadione (phytonadione), while vitamin K2 includes menaquinone and menatetrenone. Your body stores vitamin K in fat tissue and in the liver, although this vitamin originates in the intestinal tract.

As with other vitamins, you need to eat foods containing vitamin K. However, it is also produced in your body. Certain bacteria inside the human intestinal tract produce vitamin K for most people, although in rare cases not in sufficient quantity. In these cases, you must maintain a healthy diet with foods rich in vitamin K.

Vitamin K is crucial for proper blood coagulation (clotting) – it helps make 4 of the 13 proteins required for blood clotting. Vitamin K is actually a group of chemicals that your body uses to make specialized proteins found in blood plasma, such as prothrombin, the protein chiefly responsible for blood clotting. You also need vitamin K to make bone and kidney tissues.

Recent evidence suggests vitamin K is an important adjunct to vitamin D, and if you are deficient in one, neither works optimally in your body. As you may already know, vitamin D is a key player in your overall health.

Like vitamin D, vitamin K is also involved in maintaining good bone health as we age. This vitamin helps your body build up strong bones because it helps create a protein that binds calcium, rather than let the calcium pass out of your system. Vitamin D increases calcium absorption; vitamin K activates at least three different proteins that take part in forming new bone cells. For Multi Vitamin for Men Reviewexample, a report on 888 men and women from the long-running Framingham Heart Study shows that those who consumed the least vitamin K each day had the highest incidence of broken bones. The same was true for a 1999 analysis of data from the Nurses’ Health Study.

If you are concerned about osteoporosis, make sure to get enough vitamin K in your diet.

Foods containing vitamin K are dark green leafy vegetables such as spinach, broccoli, cabbage, kale and green leaf lettuce; dairy products like cottage cheese; soybeans and soy milk; and blackberries, blueberries, grapes and the juices made from these. Many other fruits contain vitamin K, as well.

Although the exact dosing for vitamin K is yet to be determined, it has been recommended between 45 mcg and 185 mcg daily for adults. You must use caution on the higher doses if you take anticoagulants.